Gynaecological Oncology deals with cancers that arise in the reproductive organs in a woman, namely the uterus, ovaries, cervix etc. The range of care provided in this specialty starts from screening for cancers to treatment of advanced cancers.
Screening tests are commonly done to detect cancer of cervix (mouth of the womb) and breasts and rarely for cancer of ovaries (in women who have a high risk due to a family history of cancers of ovaries or breasts and sometimes bowel).
We offer a number of cancer-related facilities starting from PAP test which is done to detect cancer of the cervix (see Preventive oncology). We are experienced in colposcopy for women with abnormal PAP tests. These tests detect pre-cancer lesions on the cervix which may be treated by simple methods like cryosurgery, Loop excision etc, without resorting to a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus and cervix). If left untreated, these lesions may over several years, progress to full blown cancers which have to be then treated by hysterectomy / radiotherapy. In order to avoid this, we recommend that women undergo the PAP test once in 3-5 years.
Similar problems which can occur in the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia) can occur in women who have abnormal bleeding patterns like bleeding/spotting in between periods, bleeding occurring after menopause and sometimes even in heavy periods occurring in the pre-menopausal years. To detect these problems, we offer Hysteroscopy, which is a telescopic view of the inside of the womb. Sometimes, hysteroscopy can be used to treat some conditions like polyps which may be the cause of bleeding in the same sitting.
Apart from these facilities, our team offers cancer surgeries for advanced disease, which will be done in a safe and scientific manner. We currently do not have radiotherapy facilities in the centers that we practice. We liaise with medical oncologists (doctors who treat cancers with chemotherapy) and radiation oncologists (specialists who treat cancer by radiation therapy) to treat advanced cancers in the best possible way.