Family Planning/Contraception

Birth control is defined as any method or practice that prevents pregnancy. Today, there are many birth control methods to choose from. Access to birth control is considered your right, so that the choice to become pregnant can be in your hands.

Apart from preventing unwanted pregnancies, birth control has other benefits as well.

Some types of birth control help protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Some types have other health benefits in addition to birth control, such as making menstrual periods more regular, treating acne, and reducing the risk of some types of cancer.

With all of the choices available, it is likely that you can find a method that fits your needs and lifestyle

Choosing a Method :
One of the most important factors to consider when choosing a birth control method is how well it protects against pregnancy. Other factors include the following:

  • Possible side effects of the method
  • How likely you are to use it according to the directions
  • Whether it needs cooperation from your partner
  • Your age, overall health, and any medical conditions
  • How often you have sex
  • Whether you want to have children later
  • Whether it helps protect against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other STDs
  • Whether the method offers additional health benefits besides birth control

This picture shows methods of birth control arranged from the least effective to the most effective. Ask about these methods and their effectiveness from your doctor.

Effectiveness of Birth Control Methods

Source : ACOG education pamphlet

Contraception after birth (download pdf)